Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.
See Article History Alternative Title: Thomas Stearns Eliot T. Louis, MissouriU. Eliot exercised a strong influence on Anglo-American culture from the s until late in the century.
His experiments in dictionstyle, and versification revitalized English poetry, and in a series of critical essays he shattered old orthodoxies and erected new ones. The publication of Four Quartets led to his recognition as the greatest living English poet and man of letters, and in he was awarded both the Order of Merit and the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Early years Eliot was descended from a distinguished New England family that had relocated to St. From Smith Academy in St.
The men who influenced him at Harvard were George Santayanathe philosopher and poet, and the critic Irving Babbitt. From Babbitt he derived an anti-Romantic attitude that, amplified by his later reading of British philosophers F.
Hulmelasted through his life. In the academic year —10 he was an assistant in philosophy at Harvard. From to he was back at Harvard, reading Indian philosophy and studying Sanskrit. In Eliot met and began a close association with the American poet Ezra Pound. Early publications Modernist writer T.
He was probably the most erudite poet of his time in the English language. Let us go then, you and I, When the evening is spread out against the sky Like a patient etherized upon a table. It represented a break with the immediate past as radical as that of Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth in Lyrical Ballads The significance of the revolution is still disputed, but the striking similarity to the Romantic revolution of Coleridge and Wordsworth is obvious: Eliot and Pound, like their 18th-century counterparts, set about reforming poetic diction.
Meanwhile, he was also a prolific reviewer and essayist in both literary criticism and technical philosophy. The Waste Land expresses with great power the disenchantment, disillusionment, and disgust of the period after World War I. In a series of vignettesloosely linked by the legend of the search for the Grailit portrays a sterile world of panicky fears and barren lusts, and of human beings waiting for some sign or promise of redemption.
This scholarly supplement distracted some readers and critics from perceiving the true originality of the poem, which lay rather in its rendering of the universal human predicament of man desiring salvationand in its manipulation of language, than in its range of literary references.
In his earlier poems Eliot had shown himself to be a master of the poetic phrase. The Waste Land showed him to be, in addition, a metrist of great virtuosity, capable of astonishing modulations ranging from the sublime to the conversational.
But The Waste Land is not a simple contrast of the heroic past with the degraded present; it is, rather, a timeless simultaneous awareness of moral grandeur and moral evil. The poet writing in English may therefore make his own tradition by using materials from any past period, in any language.
Two other essays, first published the year after The Sacred Wood, almost complete the Eliot critical canon: In these essays he effects a new historical perspective on the hierarchy of English poetry, putting at the top Donne and other Metaphysical poets of the 17th century and lowering poets of the 18th and 19th centuries.
This change seems to him to consist in a loss of the union of thought and feeling. The phrase has been attacked, yet the historical fact that gave rise to it cannot be denied, and with the poetry of Eliot and Pound it had a strong influence in reviving interest in certain 17th-century poets.
Shortly before this his interests had broadened into theology and sociology; three short books, or long essays, were the result:T.S. Eliot, in full Thomas Stearns Eliot, (born September 26, , St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.—died January 4, , London, England), American-English poet, playwright, literary critic, and editor, a leader of the Modernist movement in poetry in such works as The Waste Land () and Four Quartets ().
He was born Thomas Stearns Eliot into the bosom of a respectable middle class family on September 26, in St. Louis, Missouri. The family had roots in New England, and Eliot spent summers in Gloucester, Massachusetts. An introduction to T.
S. Eliot's life and work We could write thousands of words as part of a T. S. Eliot biography, but instead we'll limit ourselves to a reasonably short piece that distils all of the most interesting aspects of Eliot's life into one relatively brief post.
Eliot, T. S. (26 Sept. Jan. ), poet, critic, and editor, was born Thomas Stearns Eliot in St. Louis, Missouri, the son of Henry Ware Eliot, president of the Hydraulic-Press Brick Company, and Charlotte Champe Stearns, a former teacher, an energetic social work volunteer at the Humanity Club of St.
Louis, and an amateur poet with a taste for Emerson. "An age which reads in a hurry and likes to understand familiar meanings with headline speed has accused [T.S.] Eliot of being obscure," wrote Time magazine of Thomas Stearns Eliot, author of The Waste Land and "The Love Song of J.
Alfred Prufrock." Obscure? You think?
The guy opened his poems with. T.S. Eliot Biographical T homas Stearns Eliot () was born in St. Louis, Missouri, of an old New England family. He was educated at Harvard and did graduate work in philosophy at the Sorbonne, Harvard, and Merton College, Oxford.