Japanese School Systems Vs.
Comparison between Japanese and American Management Systems! A study conducted by Haire Ghisell, and Porter show that Japanese managers are quite different from other managers generally and from American managers specifically.
Japanese managers when compared to American managers are more apt to embrace reciprocal participative attitudes and values and to perceive higher levels of self actualization flowing from their roles and positions. Japanese managers, more than American managers, have internalized organizational goals concerning high productivity, organizational growth and organizational stability.
The behavioural relevance of personal goals achievement and creativity is higher for Japanese managers while the behavioural relevance of job satisfaction and individuality is higher for American managers.
II Comparison of Workers: Japanese workers have greater trust and acceptance of management decisions concerning application of practices and policies than do American workers. Japanese workers value working at high levels of capacity and assisting other workers to a greater extent than do American workers, and that this difference is increasing over time.
High level of work effort and commitment, organizational involvement and cooperation, acceptance, and trust in management policies and practices — all are the norm of Japanese workers; they are not for American workers.
Japanese people endorse social norms whereby uncertainty is reduced through systems of rules leading to stability. The Japanese tend to view themselves in collective terms rather than in individual terms.
These are the elements of Japanese social norms which are very consistent with theory Z of management as described by Ouchi. Americans score in the opposite direction, high on individuality and low on uncertainty avoidance and it is hardly consistent with theory Z management practices.
The real differences between Japan and the United States in general social values and norms and in manager and worker belief systems concerning work raise serious questions about widespread transferability of Theory Z management to the United States.
In Japan, Theory Z practices are consistent with the general social norms and are generally supported by the actions of labour organisations and governmental bodies. Japanese organisations form a highly consistent and integrated theoretical framework whose application works well in the Japanese setting.
American management has not found an internally consistent framework of management practices that develops long term employee involvement, and our productivity suffers from this. Thus, Theory Z management is not likely to become the accepted norm in American companies to the extent it has in Japan.
The theory Z as given by Professor William Ouchi simply suggests that involved workers are the key to increased productivity. Such workers in large Japanese organizations result from an internally consistent set of norms, practices, and behaviours which are grounded in trust and interpersonal intimacy.
This is the Japanese way according to Ouchi and it is theory Z way in which some American Organizations now seem to operate.Aug 09, · Japan is often considered more "Western" in culture than other Asian countries. Compared to the United States, there are certainly a lot of similarities.
But Japan and the U.S. do have many cultural differences as timberdesignmag.coms: Understanding Differences Between Japanese and American Schools Source: Suki Tamba Though Japanese schools may sometimes feel upside down and backwards, the truth is they are part of a flawed and fully functional system that successfully prepares 10,, human beings a year for real life.
Understanding Differences Between Japanese and American Schools Source: Suki Tamba. Though Japanese schools may sometimes feel upside down and backwards, the truth is they are part of a flawed and fully functional system that successfully prepares 10,, human beings a year for real life.
The comparison between Japanese and North American educational systems is often used. The Japanese system, along with other Asian cultures, places importance on the group and the interdependence of its members (Cole & Cole, , p.
). The North American model, in contrast, focuses on the ideals. 10 Cultural Contrasts between US & Japanese Companies. btrax Staff One exception is the pension systems in the US.
Japanese are encouraged to stay in one company by the monetary rewards. These are company sponsored payments independent of the person’s salary.
Top Japanese Social Media Networks. Shares ; Kristie Wong; Apr 27, Jan 06, · January 6, , Page The New York Times Archives. THE twin studies by the Japanese and American governments of each other's school systems that were made public Sunday are evidence of the.