As Martin Luther King, Jr. According to Gandhi, the supreme human endeavour should be the pursuit of Satya, Truth. The basic operative assumption that Gandhi makes is that nonviolence constitutes a positive procedure for promoting worthwhile social change.
He believed that Satyagraha is a particular form of struggle where there is no question of victory or defeat. It is beyond doubt that his study of the Hindu tradition and his experience of passive resistance against racial discrimination in South Africa helped a lot in developing and concretizing his idea of Satyagraha.
Meaning of Satyagraha The root meaning of Satyagraha is holding on to truth. Many people consider it a method of the political movement carried on against the British Raj. Buddhadeb Bhattacharya, Satyagraha is a method of struggle against the evil and a way of settlement of disputes.
The essence of Satyagraha Movement is to fight against injustice with the utmost might, courting all sorts of sacrifice and sufferings. Satyagraha is resistance without any acrimony or hatred or injury to the opponent. The sum and substance of Satyagraha is to awaken in the mind of the opponent the sense of justice and win his heart without hurting him.
Satyagraha and non-violence The Satyagrahi must always shun violence. He must be a worshipper of non-violence in thoughts, words and deeds. To him, non-violence was truth and truth was God. Austere devotion is required for the realization of truth, and even God.
To Gandhi, self-torture was the austere devotion. A Satyagrahi is not at all afraid of sacrificing his own blood or life for the sake of resisting injustice. Gandhi believed that, if a Satyagrahi works in this way, the mind of the opponent will be struck with wonder, and, ultimately there will be a change of heart in him.
Among the techniques of Satyagraha suggested by Gandhi, the following deserve particular mention: The Satyagrahi must be willing to court sufferings unto death. Without making the people prepared for the supreme sacrifice for Satyagraha, the Satyagrahis must not increase their number just to frighten the opponents.
The Satyagrahi must always believe the opponent and must be ready to make compromise with him. There is no place for indiscipline in civil disobedience or Satyagraha. During the Satyagraha he must not put forward any unjust demand. As the Satyagrahis have to fight mainly on the basis of their self-power, it is essential for them to have their own newspaper in order to educate the people about the Satyagraha Movement.
Different forms of Satyagraha: Gandhi has mentioned four types of Satyagraha in resisting tyranny and vindicating justice. Strike, hartal, boycott, resignation from different offices, rejection of honorary degrees etc. Gandhi compared non-cooperative form of Satyagraha with the science of homeopathic treatment because this is the low dose of movement against the wrong-doer.
The most powerful and extreme form of Satyagraha is civil disobedience.Dec 10, · His concept of satya, with ahimsa as the means, determined his doctrine of satyagraha or active resistance to authority; Gandhi’s analysis of civil disobedience conflated two separate notions.
Firstly, the natural light, the universal obligation, of every human being to act according to his conscience and in opposition, if. The Salt March, also known as the Dandi March and the Dandi Satyagraha, was an act of nonviolent civil disobedience in colonial India led by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi to produce salt from the seawater in the coastal village of Dandi (now in Gujarat), as was the practice of the local populace until British officials introduced taxation on salt production, deemed their sea-salt reclamation.
Also see SEP, EB, and ELC.. Sartre, Jean-Paul ().
French playwright, novelist, and philosopher who proposed an existentialist analysis of the human condition upon which our radical freedom typically produces feelings of anguish, forlorness, and despair. For a discussion of his life and works, see Sartre.. Satyagraha.
Get everything you need to know about Satyagraha in Kanthapura. Analysis, related quotes, timeline. Section First: What Satyagraha Is Summary and Analysis Satyagraha literally means "holding on to Truth" and is soul or spirit.
It bars the use of violence because man cannot know the absolute truth and so is not competent to punish. ADVERTISEMENTS: Satyagraha: Essay on Gandhi’s Concept of Satyagraha!
Gandhi’s Concept of Satyagraha is an exceptional and novel way to resist evil. This is the heart and soul of the entire Gandhian theory and philosophy, and his exclusive contribution to the modern Indian political thought.