The first two questions face anyone who cares to distinguish the real from the unreal and the true from the false. The third question faces anyone who makes any decisions at all, and even not deciding is itself a decision.
Synopsis No Marketing Blurb Published inJohn Locke's pioneering investigation into the origins, certainty, and extent of human knowledge set the groundwork for modern philosophy and influenced psychology, literature, political theory, and other areas of human thought and expression.
Volume 1 of a 2-volume set of Locke's monumental work containing every word of all 4 books comprising the Essay. Marginal analyses of almost every paragraph, plus hundreds of explanatory footnotes. And how do we come to know it?
These are the primary points of focus for metaphysics and epistemology, respectively. Here, in one of the classic works of early-modern empiricist philosophy, John Locke attempts to answer these basic human questions by moving away from the rationalist notion of innate ideas to establish the concept of the tabula rasa in which the mind is initially impressed with ideas through perception of the external world of substance.
The formation of basic ideas through the perception of primary and secondary qualities, and the more sophisticated development of concepts, is discussed as Locke departs from a purely mental view of knowledge to ground what we know in the firmer soil of empirical observation and in the mind's ability to interrelate ideas from perception.
The careful reasoning of Locke's Essay has made it an enduring part of the history of of Western philosophy."The Essay Concerning Humane Understanding was the first attempt on a great scale, and in the Baconian spirit, to estimate critically the certainty and the adequacy of human knowledge" (Fraser).
"Locke's philosophy has not only had a profound effect upon philosophical and political thought, but also laid the foundations of modern psychology, dominating the field until well into the 19th century" .
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Some of John Locke's major works include: A Letter for Toleration (), Two Treatises of Government (), An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (), Some Thoughts Concerning Education (), and The Reasonableness of Christianity ()/5(43). David Hume (—) “Hume is our Politics, Hume is our Trade, Hume is our Philosophy, Hume is our Religion.” This statement by nineteenth century philosopher James Hutchison Stirling reflects the unique position in intellectual thought held by Scottish philosopher David Hume.
Part of Hume’s fame and importance owes to his .
The subject matter of Book III is the use and the abuse of words. It is the shortest of the four books included in the Essay, and its primary purpose is to deal in a more direct manner with some of the problems that emerged from the accounts given in Book II .
The Essay Concerning Human Understanding is the only work on epistemology and metaphysics in a lifetime collection dominated by religious and political writings. There is no indication that Locke showed any interest in epistemology prior to , electing instead to focus his energies on questions of politics, religion, and science.