In a broad sense, calligraphy is merely hand-writing, a tool for recording and communicating; but in the Arab world it is an art, an art with a remarkable history; a form with great masters and revered traditions. Beauty alone distinguishes calligraphy from ordinary handwriting; writing may express ideas, but to the Arab it must also express the broader dimension of aesthetics. Historians disagree on both the birthplace and birthdate of Arabic writing, but the most widely accepted theory is that it developed from Nabataean, a west Aramaic dialect which served as the international language of the Middle East from about the fourth century, B.
This was the Exodus of the Aryans, some of whom returned later to their primeval homes - Comyns Beaumont Riddle of Pre-Historic Britain Classical archaeologists are in agreement that ancient migrations did take place in prehistoric times, although they often tend to be rather hazy about the dates and the countries involved - Ralph Ellis Jesus: Last of the Pharaohs We learn from official sources that the symbols found throughout Western countries - on flags and state regalia, etc - come from spurious migrating "Semitic" tribes.
We are told that the symbolism originates with these tribes and goes back to the dawn of time. We also know what "dawn of time" means officially.
We know it refers to the period between 7, and 11, years BC. Herodotus himself is on record as having been told by contemporary Egyptian priests that their written records went back no less than 12, years.
Other records both cultural and historical were far more ancient still - John Gordon Egypt: In the earlier dynastic era he was referred to as "The Distant One.
Therefore Hari would really have been The Ari. Horus was "He of the Ari. The term is misused today by those with no right to it.
Budge Nekhen Hierakonpolis, Hieraconpolis, or Hieracompolis was the religious and political capital of Upper Egypt at the end of the Predynastic period…and probably also during the Early Dynastic Period…It was the center of the cult of the hawk god Horus of Nekhen, which raised in this city one of the most ancient temples in Egypt, and it retained its importance as the cult center of the divine patron of the kings long after it had otherwise declined.
The original settlement on the site dates from Naqada I or the late Badarian. At its height from about BC it had at least 5, and possibly as many as 10, inhabitants…The ruins of the city were originally excavated towards the end of the 19th century by the English archeologists James E.
In the "principal deposit" of the temple of Nekhen they found important ceremonial Protodynastic artifacts such as the Narmer Palette and the famous macehead bearing the name of King Scorpion - Wikipeda Online Encyclopedia Although equally magnificent temples and megaliths exist in Ireland, Scandinavia, North America and Mexico; although entire lost cities are found beneath the oceans, and though the vast majority of words, place and personal names in the Bible are of Irish origin, we rather live with mysteries and unsolvable conundrums than face the truth.
In almost every case where a major site exists, or where a great civilization existed, we find the same refrain from the modern inhabitants. Either we are told that "godlike strangers" erected the sites, or that technically superior semi-divine ancestors, of whom we now suspiciously find no trace, did it.
Archaeologists refuse to explain who these mysterious ancestors were. The world over, legends affirm that indigenous forebears were not the builders, astronomers and healers.
Ancient Egypt, civilization in northeastern Africa that dates from the 4th millennium timberdesignmag.com many achievements, preserved in its art and monuments, hold a fascination that continues to grow as archaeological finds expose its secrets. The Term "Byzantine Empire" The name Byzantine Empire is derived from the original Greek name for Constantinople; Byzantium. The name is a modern term and would have been alien to its contemporaries. Ancient Egypt, civilization in northeastern Africa that dates from the 4th millennium timberdesignmag.com many achievements, preserved in its art and monuments, hold a fascination that continues to grow as archaeological finds expose its secrets.
Investigators habitually look to every country except Ireland for their answers. It is almost comical to say that we can be certain that Ireland played a seminal role merely because the laws of exclusion are in its favor. All other countries have been studied and can be struck off as originators of civilization.
So dare we now, at long last, face the truth that has lain in plain sight for so long? Dare we examine the evidence for the Irish origins of civilization and have done with the damnable conundrums?
The idea, however, that a nomadic group of hunter-gatherers about 5, to 6, years ago should suddenly within the space of a few hundred years or even a millenniumfrom merely watching the night sky but without using any instrumentation, be able to quickly develop the requisite mathematical and scientific knowledge to verify such a hypothesis is patently ludicrous - John Gordon Egypt: Child of Atlantis One of the most important finds within the land of Egypt occurred when Egyptologist and archaeologist Professor Walter B.
Emery was excavating tombs at the necropolis of Saqqara, one of the oldest cities in the land.
Professor Emery discovered the remains of men with blond hair and fair complexions. These individuals were revered by the Egyptians as a gifted elite. Skulls of the Mother Goddess: These presented a dolichocephalous skull, larger than that of the local ethnic group, fair hair and a taller, heavier build.
This race kept its distance from the common people, blending only with the aristocratic classes and the scholar associated them with the Shemsu Hor, the "disciples of Horus" The Shemsu Hor are recognized as the dominant sacerdotal caste in pre-dynastic Egypt until approximately B.
Towards the end of the IV millennium B.Egypt is a country in North Africa, on the Mediterranean Sea, and is home to one of the oldest civilizations on earth.
The name 'Egypt' comes from the Greek Aegyptos which was the Greek pronunciation of the ancient Egyptian name 'Hwt-Ka-Ptah' ("Mansion of the Spirit of Ptah"), originally the name of the city of timberdesignmag.coms was the first capital of Egypt .
Usama also narrates the following incidents, which are contained in his Kitab al-i'timberdesignmag.com's account tells of the crudities of Western timberdesignmag.com writer's uncle, a Muslim Prince, had sent a doctor to a Frankish neighbour at the latter's request.
Introduction. In the first millennium BCE, ancient Mesopotamian civilization pioneered the first true multinational empires in world history. The Assyrian empire was the first of these. The Term "Byzantine Empire" The name Byzantine Empire is derived from the original Greek name for Constantinople; Byzantium.
The name is a modern term and would have been alien to its contemporaries. Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in the place that is now the country timberdesignmag.comt Egyptian civilization followed prehistoric Egypt and coalesced around BC (according to conventional Egyptian chronology) with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under Menes (often identified with Narmer).
MICHAEL TSARION. THE IRISH ORIGINS OF CIVILIZATION. Horus - (from Har, Hari, Hor or Heru) - was a god of the sun primarily associated with Southern Egypt and ancient city of Hierakonpolis ("City of the Hawk" or "Hawks").