Introducing the Problem Journalist and best-selling author Lee Strobel commissioned George Barna, the public-opinion pollster, to conduct a nationwide survey. The survey included the question "If you could ask God only one question and you knew he would give you an answer, what would you ask? If God is all-powerful, all-knowing and perfectly good, why does he let so many bad things happen? This question raises what philosophers call "the problem of evil.
The apparent malfunctioning of the natural world e. The result of human immorality e. Genocide 1 of 20 Epicurus Inconsistent Triad The problem of evil can be viewed as an inconsistent triad: The three are logically inconsistent.
If God is omnipotent, he is aware of the existing evil and suffering and knows how to put a stop to it. If God is omnibenevolent he will want to put a stop to it. Yet evil and suffering does exist.
If God was all-powerful he could have stopped evil and he should have wanted to but there still evil. God cannot have all of these qualities if evil still exists. Hume points out that we have a world that is flawed and full of evil.
This is not the sort of world you would expet to be created by a God who is all-powerful an omnibenevolent. Therefore, either God is not omnipotent or God is not omnibenevolent or evil does not exist. Therefore, God must be either not be omnipotent or all-loving Mackie and the problem of evil of 20 The Evidential Problem William Rowe is the scholar Suffering is evidence of evil, we experiance suffering everyday so it is improbable that god exists.
Rowe looks at the plenitude and the intensity of suffering. Occurs on a daily basis He makes the argument for eschatological justification as what happens in the end heaven will justify what happens in this world i. He uses the example of "the brothers Karamazov" a mothers child was tortured in front of her by a general with his dogs and asks the question as to if there is anyone in the world with the power to forgive the general.
Is the suffering of a child a to0 high price to pay for a ticket to heaven? Evil is the result of human free will not Gods will. Free will is an essential part of humanity otherwise we would be puppets Genuine Free will must allow the possibililty of evil.
If God stopped throughout history to rescue us e. Evil is not a thing or substance and therefore God did not create it. Evil is the going wrong of something good. As a consequence, the state of perfection was ruined by human sin.
Natural evil came through the loss of order in nature and moral evil came from the knowledge of good and evil, which humans discovered through their disobedience. Augustine said that both forms of evil are punishments and humans have brought suffering on themselves so God is justified in not removing it; all humans were seminally present in Adam and Eve at the time of sin.
God is presented as omnibenevolent all-loving because if he was just, then everyone would receive their rightful punishment in hell. God did not create evil as it is a privation. Free will- link back to the general free will defence as the reason for evil Works for genesis being metaphorical and literal If humans are responsible for suffering then suffering is a punishment and God is justified in not removing it.
It explains both moral and natural evil. Schleiermacher suggested the theodicy was logically flawed: Either the world was not perfect to start with or God made it go wrong.
If the world was perfect and there was no knowledge of good and evil, how could there be freedom to disobey God? If god created man in his own image then why would they do evil? This account of creation is contrary to the theory of evolution. The view that everyone was seminally present in Adam and Eve is not plausible 12 of 20 Soul Making- we are born imperfect but through tests and challenges we become perfect Evil is the test and in the face of a challenge we will grow We will become like God as Adam had the form of God image but not the contents likeness which will develop and grow when in the face of evil we will become more like God.
The evil is here on earth to give us genuine freedom.The Evidential Problem of Evil. The evidential problem of evil is the problem of determining whether and, if so, to what extent the existence of evil (or certain instances, kinds, quantities, or distributions of evil) constitutes evidence against the existence of God, that is to say, a being perfect in power, knowledge and timberdesignmag.comtial arguments from evil attempt to show that, once we.
Thus, the logical problem of evil originates from three features which are attributed to a true God by most theists. The three features are: “God is omnipotent; God is perfectly good; and God is omniscient (Mackie ).
The logic problem of evil here is that evil would not be allowed by such a God. The Problem of Evil - Introduction One of the oldest dilemmas in philosophy is also one of the greatest threats to Christian theology. The problem of evil simultaneously perplexes the world’s greatest minds and yet remains palpably close to the hearts of the most common people.
This concise, well-structured survey examines the problem of evil in the context of the philosophy of religion. One of the core topics in that field, the problem of evil is an enduring challenge that Western philosophers have pondered for almost two thousand years. Logical Problem of Evil.
The existence of evil and suffering in our world seems to pose a serious challenge to belief in the existence of a perfect timberdesignmag.com God were all-knowing, it seems that God would know about all of the horrible things that happen in our world.
Life. Mackie was born 25 August in Killara, Sydney. His mother, Annie Burnett Duncan, was a schoolteacher, and his father, Alexander Mackie, was professor of education at the University of Sydney as well as the principal of the Sydney Teachers College, and was influential in the educational system of New South Wales.
He graduated from the University of Sydney in after studying under.