National grid business plan 2013

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National grid business plan 2013

The synchronous grids of Europe The two major and three minor interconnections of North America Major WASGs in Eurasia and northern Africa A wide area synchronous grid also called an "interconnection" in North America is an electrical grid at a regional scale or greater that operates at a synchronized frequency and is electrically tied together during normal system conditions.

Synchronous grids with ample capacity facilitate electricity market trading across wide areas. Interconnections can be tied to each other via high-voltage direct current power transmission lines DC tiesor with variable-frequency transformers VFTswhich permit a controlled flow of energy while also functionally isolating the independent AC frequencies of each side.

The benefits of synchronous zones include pooling of generation, resulting in lower generation costs; pooling of load, resulting in significant equalizing effects; common provisioning of reserves, resulting in cheaper primary and secondary reserve power costs; opening of the market, resulting in possibility of long term contracts and short term power exchanges; and mutual assistance in the event of disturbances.

For example, in Kosovo used more power than it generated due to a row with Serbialeading to the phase in the whole Synchronous grid of Continental Europe lagging behind what it should have been.

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The frequency dropped to National grid business plan 2013 caused certain kinds of clocks to become six minutes slow. Control and protection are challenges to microgrids. The promised benefits include enabling the renewable energy industry to sell electricity to distant markets, the ability to increase usage of intermittent energy sources by balancing them across vast geological regions, and the removal of congestion that prevents electricity markets from flourishing.

Local opposition to siting new lines and the significant cost of these projects are major obstacles to super grids. Demand response[ edit ] Demand response is a grid management technique where retail or wholesale customers are requested either electronically or manually to reduce their load. Currently, transmission grid operators use demand response to request load reduction from major energy users such as industrial plants.

Contributing factors to the current state of the electric grid and its consequences include: Aging equipment — older equipment has higher failure ratesleading to customer interruption rates affecting the economy and society; also, older assets and facilities lead to higher inspection maintenance costs and further repair and restoration costs.

Obsolete system layout — older areas require serious additional substation sites and rights-of-way that cannot be obtained in current area and are forced to use existing, insufficient facilities. Outdated engineering — traditional tools for power delivery planning and engineering are ineffective in addressing current problems of aged equipment, obsolete system layouts, and modern deregulated loading levels.

Old cultural value — planningengineeringoperating of system using concepts and procedures that worked in vertically integrated industry exacerbate the problem under a deregulated industry. The states did so to make electricity systems "more resilient and interactive". The most common actions that states took were "advanced metering infrastructure deployment" 19 states did thissmart grid deployment and "time-varying rates for residential customers".

national grid business plan 2013

At the close of the quarter, most of the bills remained pending. For example, legislators in Hawaii introduced a bill that would create an energy storage tax credit. In California, the state Senate had a bill that would "create a new energy storage rebate program".

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These recommendations are to streamline the federal permit process for advanced energy projects; encourage grid planners to consider alternatives to investment in transmission; allow energy storage and energy efficiency to compete with additional energy generation; allow large customers to choose their own sources of electricity; and allow utilities and consumers to benefit from cloud computing software.

Smaller generators, usually not owned by the utility, can be brought on-line to help supply the need for power. The smaller generation facility might be a home-owner with excess power from their solar panel or wind turbine. It might be a small office with a diesel generator.

These resources can be brought on-line either at the utility's behest, or by owner of the generation in an effort to sell electricity.

Many small generators are allowed to sell electricity back to the grid for the same price they would pay to buy it.Fire Management Assistance Declaration declared on November 08, Alabama Hurricane Michael (DR) Incident period: October 10, to October 13, TIJUANA, Mexico (AP) — A few blocks from a shelter housing members of a Central American migrant caravan sits the first Haitian restaurant to.

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National Grid Electricity Transmission s RIIO-T1 business plan overview - PDF

electric grid is vulnerable to both natural and man-made threats. Learn about the lack of grid resilience and what you can do to help secure the grid.

national grid business plan 2013

3 Introduction This document sets out National Grid Electricity Transmission s (NGET) business plan through to the end of the RIIO-T1 period in Our plan has been developed in conjunction with our stakeholders and we would like to thank all of you for your time and commitment throughout this process.

This will be our first business plan under RIIO . NIST CLOUD COMPUTING STANDARDS ROADMAP v Reports on Computer Systems Technology The Information Technology Laboratory (ITL) at the National Institute of Standards and. But there’s more.

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Big Sis isn’t the only one warning us about the possibility of a grid-down scenario. Former North Dakota Senator Byron Dorgan has co-authored a book about the topic with David Hagberg – his novel Gridlock is a fictional account of a very real threat. “Our power system is very vulnerable.

You've Been Warned: Why You Need to Be Ready for Total Grid Failure